Life Without Evolution
A comprehensive deconstruction of Darwin’s creation story presented in 3 research essays
by Nicolas Spencer Brown First published online July 2018
These essays are in support of the minority argument that the standard Darwinian theory of evolution – natural selection acting on chance variation – fails to provide a plausible explanation for the origin of biodiversity. Challenges to the adequacy of the established model of common descent through gradual genetic modification do not simply come from advocates of creation and intelligent design, but from theorists and researchers within the biological sciences who call for an expansion or replacement of old ideas. Yet no alternative mechanism for building the extraordinary structural variety of living forms has been convincingly demonstrated, suggesting that the mystery of biological origins continues to elude material science.
The essays also affirm the view that evolutionary ‘theory’ is premised as much upon philosophy as upon science, and that the philosophy it follows is wholly incompatible with all forms of religious and spiritual learning.
“There is no controversy about evolution within science” is the line resolutely pronounced by spokespersons for the public understanding of science. The laws of biology, they unwaveringly reaffirm, have decreed that evolution is a fact, and that the primary mechanism of evolution – natural selection – has been satisfactorily explained and repeatedly observed. Evolution is not questioned by any scientist, they maintain, only by religious people. And yet anyone committed to a more thorough research of the scientific literature will discover that a significant minority of biologists, geneticists and paleontologists continue to question the accepted mechanism of evolution. So it is not quite true to say there is no controversy about evolution in science, or to claim that the mechanism of evolutionary change has been established beyond doubt. Challenges to evolutionary theory have always arisen from within the sciences, as well as without.
But there is a far greater implication here. If a proportion of legitimate scientists doubt the adequacy of long held mechanistic theories, then the scientific certainty ascribed to evolution – as a unified explanatory whole – begins to dissolve. This line of thinking becomes increasingly more uncomfortable for those devoted to the evolution-has-all-been-explained doctrine. Persisting doubts within science about how evolution could have happened will inevitably perpetuate doubts beyond science about whether evolution could have happened. Polls taken in America and Europe consistently show (for whatever reasons) that sizable percentages of the population do not accept, to some extent or other, accounts of evolution. For fear of spreading further doubt, members of the evolution fraternity (whose careers and reputations depend on the credibility of their science) have a clear motive for suppressing controversy within their ranks, and for extending this censorship to the education system and the public arena.
The usual presentation of evolution as ‘more or less explained with only the details missing’, is not an opinion shared by all. By bringing out into the open dissenting views, competing theories and disputed topics concerning, not merely the minor details, but some of the major tenets of evolutionary teaching, it is my hope to encourage other independent thinkers to form a rather different, and more honest opinion of the science.
I should state clearly at the outset that most of the quotations I use from scientific and educational sources relate to debates and disagreements about how evolution happens, and not about if evolution happens. Authors and researchers who diverge from the orthodox view are not usually questioning what they perceive to be the ‘fact’ of evolution. Yet it is this notion of ‘fact’ that is so troublesome. If the process of evolution is still unexplained, then in what sense is it a fact? It means little to simply declare “evolution happened”, when what happened is unknown. We might perhaps concede that “life must have evolved somehow”, but this is little removed from merely musing “life must have got here somehow” – it elucidates nothing! More than two centuries after Jean-Baptiste Lamarck proposed the first reasoned theory of transformism, biology is still searching for a general theory of origins that does not attract controversy.
What does ‘Life Without Evolution’ (LWE) mean?
LWE refers to the observation that most of life, most of the time, is not evolving into new species. Whether recorded through the historical or the prehistoric, most species remain more or less unchanged for long, or very long periods of time. Life is not continually evolving – except in a trivial sense – and no evolution is the norm.
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